Mac OS X Shortcut keys

Some useful shortcut keys can use in Mac OS X.

Screen Capture to disk:

  ⌘ ⇧ 3                   Screen to jpeg file on desktop
  ⌘ ⇧ 4 + Drag:           Selection to jpeg file on desktop
  ⌘ ⇧ 4 + Spacebar:       Window (click camera) to jpeg file

Screen Capture to clipboard:

  ⌘ ⇧ 3 + Ctrl:           Screen to clipboard
  ⌘ ⇧ 4 + Drag + Ctrl:    Selection to clipboard
  ⌘ ⇧ 4 + Spacebar + Ctrl Window (Camera effect)

Dock /Switch Applications

  ⌘ ⌥ D      Show/Hide Dock
   Tab      Switch applications
   `        Switch between document Windows in current application
   Dock     Switch application, hide previous one
   Dock     Switch application, hide all others
 Ctrl ⌥ ⌘ *  Toggle Monochrome Hi Visibility
   +drag will prevent dock icons from moving out of the way
             (useful when dragging items to the trash)

Apple Finder

   + Drag   Explicit COPY (will copy even if destation is on same volume)
   + Drag   Explicit MOVE (will move even if destation is on different volume)
  ⌘ ⌥ + Drag Make alias in new location
   D        Duplicate
   L        Make Alias
   R        Show original
   O        Open item
   ↓        Open item
   S        Save
  ⌘ ⇧ S      Save as
   N        New Finder window
  ⌘ ⇧ N      New Folder
   Q        Quit Application
   W        Close Window
  ⌘ ⌥ W      Close all Windows
   I        Get Info
  ⌘ ⌥ I      Super Get Info (change whatever you click on)
  ⌘ ⌥ Y      Toggle Slideshow mode (show selected graphic files full-screen)
   P        Print
   T        Add to Favorites
   Delete   Move to Trash
   E        Eject
   F        Find
   ~        Cycle finder windows (including desktop)
  Tab        Highlight next item
   + double-click folder icon will open in new window
   + ↑      Move up one directory
   + [      go back
   + ]      go forward
  ⌘ ⇧ A     Open Applications Folder
  ⌘ ⇧ U     Open Applications/Utilities/ Folder
  ⌘ ⇧ H     Open Home Folder
  ⌘ ⇧ K     Go to network
  K        Connect to server
  ⌘ ⇧ G     Go to folder... (type full path)
  ⌘ ⇧ ⌫     Empty Trash (Finder Menu )
  ⌘ ⇧ ⌥ ⌫   Empty Trash without dialog

Finder-Hide App:
   H        Hide Application 
  ⌘ ⌥ H      Hide other applications

Hide all other apps*:
    + click on dock icon
    + click inside app window

Hide all other apps that are in front*:
   + click dock icon (of running app)
   + click inside app window

*Some older (pre-intel) apps may struggle with these

Terminal

 left/right arrow   Switch windows
1 Switch to 1st terminal window 2, 3... Switch to 2nd, 3rd window

Spotlight

 Spacebar           Activate/deactivate Spotlight

  Spacebar         Open Spotlight window
 Return /  Click   Open the top/next item
 ↓ / ↑              Move to next/previous category

Editing Text (email, TextEdit etc)

   ←       Move one word left
   →       Move one word right
 Control A  Beginning of Sentence (Home)
 Control E  End of Sentence(End) 
   ←       Beginning of line
   →       End of line
  ⌘ ⌥ T     Toggle character palette on/off
            Scroll one page up (cursor retains position)
            Scroll one page down (cursor retains position)
           Move one page up  (reposition cursor)
          Move one page down
  ↑ or   Scroll to beginning of document
   ↓ or   Scroll to end of document

  Add shift key  to the above to also select the text.

  ⌥ ⌫       Delete word  
   Del     Delete next word
    .     Show hidden files in open and save dialogs (Snow Leopard only)
    /     Open Application Help (Search)

   Scrollbar           Jump to exact scrollbar location
   Scrollbar arrows    Scroll page at a time (page up/down)
   Volume up/down      Open Sound preferences
  Control Eject       Turn display off (brightness=0)
   Brightness up/down  Open Display preferences

Shutdown/Logoff:

  POWER         Sleep now
  POWER         Hold for 10 seconds (force shut down)  
  Ctrl Eject    Restart, Sleep, Shutdown dialog box
Ctrl Eject Sleep the display now ⌘ ⌥ Eject Sleep the computer now Ctrl Eject Quit all applications and restart ⌘ ⌥ Ctrl Eject Shut down the computer now (Graceful Shutdown) ⌘ ⌥ Esc Force Quit menu - selectively force quit applications ⌘ ⌥ ⇧ Esc Hold for three seconds to Force Quit the foremost application (Leopard/Snow Leopard) .(period) Stop a process Ctrl+power Immediate restart (dangerous, only use if the system is frozen)

Log out:

  ⌘ ⇧ Q         Log out (Apple Menu)
  ⌘ ⇧ ⌥ Q       Log out immediately (Apple Menu)

During Startup:

  Shift      Safe Boot mode - Press shift asap AFTER the startup chime 
  V        Start up in Verbose mode.
  S        Start up in Single-User mode (command line)
    X        Force OS X startup
  ⌘ ⌥ ⇧ ⌫   Bypass primary startup volume (will seek DVD or external disk)
    C        Start up from a CD (if it has a system folder)
    D        Start up from first partition
    N        Attempt to start up from a network server(NetBoot)
    R        Force PowerBook screen reset
    T        Start up in FireWire Target Disk mode
  Option     Select startup disk 
  ⌘ ⌥ P R   PRAM Reset - Hold down Cmd-Option-R with your left hand,
              then press POWER to start up and immediately press P with your right hand.
              See KB 2238  At the prompt you can  type: reset-nvram and/or reset-all 
  ⌘ ⌥ O F   Open Firmware
   E        Eject CD (press during/after startup chime)
  mouse      Eject CD (hold mouse button down during startup)

is the Command or Apple key
is the Option or Alt key
is the Shift key
is the Backspace key

System Preferences > Keyboard & Mouse

To change any keyboard shortcuts (including per-application settings) : open Keyboard Shortcuts and press [+]
To reset to defaults, open Keyboard Shortcuts and press [Restore Defaults]

To enable keyboard control in dialog boxes: Keyboard > Full Keyboard Access=All Controls
Full keyboard access will allow you to use Tab,Shift-Tab,Enter, Esc and the Space bar to navigate a dialogue box.

Function Keys

F8 Toggle Space
F9 Show all open windows

F10 Show all open windows for an application
F11 Hide all windows
F12 Open/close Dashboard
Add to the above F.Keys for a slow-motion effect

Emacs style shortcuts

Ctrl+H: Backspace delete (right-to-left)
Ctrl+D: Forward delete (left-to-right)

Ctrl+K: Kill / delete text between cursor and the end of the line
Ctrl+U: Delete current line
Ctrl+T: Transpose two characters (typo)

Ctrl+A: Beginning of line (Home)
Ctrl+E: End of line (End)
Ctrl+B: Back (left) one character
Ctrl+F: Forward (right) one character
Ctrl+N: Next line down

Ctrl+P: Previous line up

Ctrl+V: Page down

‘Command + Tab’ cycles through Applications,
‘Command + ~ (tilde)’ cycles through an individual Applications windows”

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