If you have a vmcore needs to be analysed, you should have to download related kernel-debuginfo package unless your kernel does have all the debug information in the live kernel.
You might easily check the kernel version of the vmcore by run ‘uname -r’, but safest way would be checking vmcore itself.
You can use one of the below methods to check the kernel version.
$ strings vmcore | head KDUMP Linux (none) 2.6.18-194.el5 #1 SMP Tue Mar 16 21:52:39 EDT 2010 x86_64 (none) @R 0 (@
$ strings vmcore | fgrep -m1 'Linux '
$ crash --osrelease vmcore
You can download kernel-debuginfo from your linux distributor. In my case, I can download it from Red Hat customer portal (‘https://rhn.redhat.com/rhn/software/downloads/SupportedISOs.do’). After downloading related package you just need to extract it to your current directory. You don’t need to install it in your system just to check the vmcore. For the RPM file, you can use below command.
$ rpm2cpio kernel-debuginfo-2.6.18-194.el5.x86_64.rpm | cpio -idv ... ... ./usr/lib/debug/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-194.el5-x86_64/scripts/kallsyms.debug ./usr/lib/debug/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-194.el5-x86_64/scripts/kconfig ./usr/lib/debug/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-194.el5-x86_64/scripts/kconfig/conf.debug ./usr/lib/debug/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-194.el5-x86_64/scripts/mod ./usr/lib/debug/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-194.el5-x86_64/scripts/mod/mk_elfconfig.debug ./usr/lib/debug/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-194.el5-x86_64/scripts/mod/modpost.debug ./usr/lib/debug/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-194.el5-x86_64/scripts/pnmtologo.debug 1194352 blocks
Now you can launch ‘crash’ to start analysing the vmcore.
$ crash vmcore usr/lib/debug/lib/modules/2.6.18-194.el5/vmlinux crash 6.0.9 Copyright (C) 2002-2012 Red Hat, Inc. Copyright (C) 2004, 2005, 2006, 2010 IBM Corporation Copyright (C) 1999-2006 Hewlett-Packard Co Copyright (C) 2005, 2006, 2011, 2012 Fujitsu Limited Copyright (C) 2006, 2007 VA Linux Systems Japan K.K. Copyright (C) 2005, 2011 NEC Corporation Copyright (C) 1999, 2002, 2007 Silicon Graphics, Inc. Copyright (C) 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 Mission Critical Linux, Inc. This program is free software, covered by the GNU General Public License, and you are welcome to change it and/or distribute copies of it under certain conditions. Enter "help copying" to see the conditions. This program has absolutely no warranty. Enter "help warranty" for details. GNU gdb (GDB) 7.3.1 Copyright (C) 2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law. Type "show copying" and "show warranty" for details. This GDB was configured as "x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu"... KERNEL: usr/lib/debug/lib/modules/2.6.18-194.el5/vmlinux DUMPFILE: vmcore [PARTIAL DUMP] CPUS: 8 DATE: Thu Sep 6 17:37:33 2012 UPTIME: 04:37:20 LOAD AVERAGE: 38.31, 14.07, 7.76 TASKS: 2034 NODENAME: mytestnode RELEASE: 2.6.18-194.el5 VERSION: #1 SMP Tue Mar 16 21:52:39 EDT 2010 MACHINE: x86_64 (2813 Mhz) MEMORY: 63.1 GB PANIC: "" PID: 5543 COMMAND: "ocfs2dc" TASK: ffff81087e14b0c0 [THREAD_INFO: ffff810c72776000] CPU: 2 STATE: TASK_RUNNING (NMI) crash>